Events in late-19th century Catholic history–religious

Political Social Intellectual

Testem Benevolentiae issued * Americanist controversy * Cahensly controversy * Card. Gibbons Knights of Labor intervention * Aeterni Patris issued * Rerum Novarum issued

New England (ME-NH-VT-RI-CT-MA)

Knights of Columbus founded *

Atlantic (NY-NJ-PA-DE-MD-WV-DC)

Third Plenary Council of Baltimore * Founding of Roman Catholic High School, Philadelphia * Sisters of Blessed Sacrament founded



Great Lakes (OH-MI-WI-IL-IN)




Mountain West (MT-ID-WY-CO-UT-NV)


Pacific Northwest (WA-OR-AK)


Southwest (TX-CA-AZ-NM-HI)